police, Real Life Crime

Criminal psychology

What is Criminal Psychology?

Criminal psychology is a subsection of legal psychology that studies the psychological characteristics of the formation and development of illegal activity and the possibility of preventing it. Some of the main factors contributing to the formation of illegal consciousness are the negative impacts of the social environment, pedagogical neglect and character deviations.

What measures are applied in Criminal Psychology?

In order to intelligently decide what measures should be applied to a particular criminal to remove him from the criminal path, you need, firstly, to know what exactly in his personality served as the root of his crime. Secondly, we have to find out what kind of psychological impact should he undergo in order to achieve a change in his personality.

Criminal Psychology views crime as a manifestation of the personality’s mental constitution. It establishes and investigates various types of criminals (criminal typology), as well as signs and techniques for their recognition (criminal differential diagnostics). It establishes the types of psychological impact for the purposes of criminal justice. Carriers of various criminal types (criminal pedagogy) should be identified. Finally, it studies the psychic processes to aid investigation of crimes and the offenders.

Generally speaking, criminal psychologists study all those mental states of a person that have an influence on criminal liability. Mental conditions in which criminal liability falls away completely, such as insanity, lie beyond the scope. Criminal psychology deals only with individuals who have violated the criminal law and are not in a state of mental illness.

The study of individual mental reactions and the characteristics of their course has additional significance. In the foreground is a person who, under the influence of certain circumstances, manifests in certain forms of behavior related to the sphere of crime. The main value in it is the observation of personality behavior and an accurate scientific description of individual facts that characterize or explain it.

A criminal psychologist obtains data for his conclusions and descriptions by thoroughly studying individual cases of crimes and examining their perpetrators, their physical and mental state, property, family and social status, as well as by studying individual criminal processes. The study of various aspects of the personality according to the history of life is the path of the criminal psychologist.

He must find evidence from carefully verified and studied concrete facts. He needs to familiarize himself in detail with the whole life story of this criminal, from childhood to the present moment. It is necessary to find out from the facts of life how this person reacted in various life situations. You need to gain a clear picture of the mental character to understand how the criminal evolved, such as the nature and relationships of his parents or teachers, the material and social situation, the internal life of the family, the nature of the school in which this subject studied and as well as many other social factors.

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